The Semantic Web of Things (SWoT) is an emerging vision in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), joining together some of the most important paradigms of the decade: the Semantic Web and the Internet of Things.
M. Ruta, F. Scioscia, E. Di Sciascio. Enabling the Semantic Web of Things: framework and architecture, 6th IEEE Int. Conf. on Semantic Computing (ICSC 2012).
The Semantic Web initiative aims at allowing available information in the World Wide Web to be seamlessly shared, reused and combined by software agents. Each available resource in the semantic-enabled Web should be properly described in order to infer new information from the one stated in the semantically annotated resource descriptions.
T. Berners-Lee, J. Hendler, O. Lassila, The semantic Web, Scientific American 284 (5) (2001) 28-37.
The Internet of Things vision promotes on a global scale the ubiquitous computing paradigm. In ubiquitous and pervasive contexts, intelligence is embedded into objects and physical locations by means of a large number of heterogeneous micro-devices, such as RFID tags or sensors, each conveying a small amount of information. Due to space, power and cost constraints, devices are usually endowed with very low storage, little or no processing capabilities and short-range, low-throughput wireless links allowing only a simple service/resource fruition.
ITU, Internet Reports 2005: The Internet of Things (November 2005).
Ideas and technologies borrowed from the Semantic Web vision may allow to overcome these limitations. In fact the SWoT vision enables knowledge-based systems that achieve high degrees of autonomic capability for information storage, management and discovery, also providing transparent access to information sources in a given area.