Dietary Customs and Social Deprivation in an Aging Population From Southern Italy: A Machine Learning Approach
Journal Frontiers in Nutrition - -2022
Tatoli Rossella, Lampignano Luisa, Donghia Rossella, Castellana Fabio, Zupo Roberta, Bortone Ilaria, De Nucci Sara, Campanile Giuseppe, Lofù Domenico
, Vimercati Luigi, Lozupone Madia, De Pergola Giovanni, Panza Francesco, Giannelli Gianluigi, Di Noia Tommaso
, Boeing Heiner, Sardone Rodolfo
Background Download: Dietary Customs and Social Deprivation in an Aging Population From Southern Italy A Machine Learning Approach_[FRONTIERS2022].pdf
Diet and social determinants influence the state of human health. In older adults, the presence of social, physical and psychological barriers increases the probability of deprivation. This study investigated the relationship between social deprivation and eating habits in non-institutionalized older adults from Southern Italy, and identified foods and dietary habits associated with social deprivation.Methods
We recruited 1,002 subjects, mean age 74 years, from the large population based Salus in Apulia Study. In this cross-sectional study, eating habits and the level of deprivation were assessed with FFQ and DiPCare-Q, respectively.Results
Deprived subjects (n = 441) included slightly more females, who were slightly older and with a lower level of education. They consumed less fish (23 vs. 26 g), fruiting vegetables (87 vs. 102 g), nuts (6 vs. 9 g) and less “ready to eat” dishes (29 vs. 33 g). A Random Forest (RF) model was used to identify a dietary pattern associated with social deprivation. This pattern included an increased consumption of low-fat dairy products and white meat, and a decreased consumption of wine, leafy vegetables, seafood/shellfish, processed meat, red meat, dairy products, and eggs.Conclusion
The present study showed that social factors also define diet and eating habits. Subjects with higher levels of deprivation consume cheaper and more readily available food.
author = "Tatoli, Rossella and Lampignano, Luisa and Donghia, Rossella and Castellana, Fabio and Zupo, Roberta and Bortone, Ilaria and De Nucci, Sara and Campanile, Giuseppe and Lof\`u, Domenico and Vimercati, Luigi and Lozupone, Madia and De Pergola, Giovanni and Panza, Francesco and Giannelli, Gianluigi and Di Noia, Tommaso and Boeing, Heiner and Sardone, Rodolfo",
title = "Dietary Customs and Social Deprivation in an Aging Population From Southern Italy: A Machine Learning Approach",
journal = "Journal Frontiers in Nutrition",
year = "2022",
url = "http://sisinflab.poliba.it/Publications/2022/TLDCZBDCLVLDPGDBS22"