Leveraging ebXML for HL7 V3 Message Transportation
14th International HL7 Interoperability Conference (IHIC) - -2013
Khattak Hasan Ali, Hussain Maqbool, Afzal Muhammad , Ur Rasool Raihan, Ahmad Farooq
With the emergence of high-frequency connected and automated vehicle data, analysts can extract useful information from them. To this end, the concept of “driving volatility” is defined and explored as deviation from the norm. Several measures of dispersion and variation can be computed in different ways using vehicles’ instantaneous speed, acceleration, and jerk observed at intersections. This study explores different measures of volatility, representing newly available surrogate measures of safety, by combining data from the Michigan Safety Pilot Deployment of connected vehicles with crash and inventory data at several intersections. For each intersection, 37 different measures of volatility were calculated. These volatilities were then used to explain crash frequencies at intersection by estimating fixed and random parameter Poisson regression models. Given that volatility reflects the degree to which vehicles move, erratic movements are expected to increase crash risk. Results show that an increase in three measures of driving volatility are positively associated with higher intersection crash frequency, controlling for exposure variables and geometric features. More intersection crashes were associated with higher percentages of vehicle data points (speed & acceleration) lying beyond threshold-bands. These bands were created using mean plus two standard deviations. Furthermore, a higher magnitude of time-varying stochastic volatility of vehicle speeds when they pass through the intersection is associated with higher crash frequencies. These measures can be used to locate intersections with high driving volatilities. A deeper analysis of these intersections can be undertaken, and proactive safety countermeasures considered to enhance safety.
author = "Khattak, Hasan Ali and Hussain, Maqbool and Afzal, Muhammad and Ur Rasool, Raihan and Ahmad, Farooq ",
title = "Leveraging ebXML for HL7 V3 Message Transportation",
booktitle = "14th International HL7 Interoperability Conference (IHIC)",
year = "2013",
address = "Sydney, Australia",
note = "to appear",
url = "http://sisinflab.poliba.it/Publications/2013/AHAUA13"